“There was a wedding at Cana in Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there. Jesus also was invited to the wedding with his disciples. When the wine ran out, the mother of Jesus said to him, ‘They have no wine.’ And Jesus said to her, ‘Woman, what does this have to do with me? My hour has not yet come.’ His mother said to the servants, ‘Do whatever he tells you’” (John 2:1-5, ESV).
Most Christians know that the wedding at Cana was where Jesus
performed His first miracle: “The first of his signs, Jesus did at Cana
in Galilee, and manifested his glory” (2:11). Christ had just begun His
ministry and already had a small following of disciples. Now, by working
this wonder, He revealed His glory to the world in spectacular fashion.
Yet, the miracle Jesus performed here also contains deep significance
for the church beyond that time and place. Verse 3 contains a
powerfully symbolic phrase: “When the wine ran out.” Throughout the New
Testament, wine is associated with the manifest presence of God through
the Holy Spirit. Paul evokes this when he writes, “Do not get drunk with
wine, for that is debauchery, but be filled with the Spirit” (Ephesians 5:18, ESV).
What does it mean for the people of God to “run out of wine”? In this
scene, wine was at the center of the wedding celebration, poured out
freely to be served to the invited guests. The scene was a picture of a
joyful people to whom God’s Spirit flows freely. But a need arose
because the wine had run out and the people needed it replenished to
sustain their joy.
As Christians, we all have the Holy Spirit present in us. Yet it is also true that we have to be filled with the Spirit continually.
Every one of us experiences an ebb and flow in our walk with Christ.
The low times do not mean His Spirit has left us, but it does mean we’re
called back again and again to quench the deep thirst that the Spirit
Himself puts within us. As children of God, we need spiritual food that
only He can give—food that empowers us to love others as He loves, to
lead a holy life that pleases Him, and to speak His Word with boldness